Chapter 11 Filing
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2017
|Financial Statement Presentation While in Chapter 11 [Abstract]|
|Chapter 11 Filing||
2. Chapter 11 Filing
On December 29, 2015, the Company filed a voluntary petition for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. The filing was made in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware (the “Bankruptcy Court”) (Case No. 15-12628 (LSS)).
In connection with financing efforts related to the Company’s bankruptcy proceedings, on April 1, 2016, the Company entered into a Debtor-in-Possession Credit and Security Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with a group of lenders (the “DIP Lenders”), pursuant to which the Company received $3 million in funds for working capital, bankruptcy-related costs, costs related to its plan of reorganization, payment of certain fees to the DIP Lenders and other costs associated with the ordinary course of business. Funds received under the Credit Agreement bore interest at a rate of 12% and were due and payable upon the Effective Date of the Plan, as defined below. Payment due under the Credit Agreement was convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock, with share amounts subject to calculation as provided in the Credit Agreement.
On April 1, 2016, the Company also entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “SPA”) with the DIP Lenders. The SPA provided for the sale of the Company’s common stock, with share amounts subject to calculation as provided in the SPA, in respect of exit financing in the amount of $11,000,000 to be received upon the Effective Date of the Plan, as defined below.
Plan of Reorganization
On May 9, 2016, the Company filed with the Bankruptcy Court the Plan and related amended disclosure statement pursuant to Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code. On June 16, 2016, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order confirming the Plan.
The Plan became effective on June 30, 2016 (the “Effective Date”) and the Company emerged from its Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings. In connection with such emergence, the Company consummated the transactions and other items described below.
Bankruptcy Claims Administration
On February 29, 2016, the Company filed its schedules of assets and liabilities and statement of financial affairs (the “Schedules”) with the Bankruptcy Court. The Bankruptcy Court entered an order setting April 1, 2016 as the deadline for filing proofs of claim for creditors other than governmental units and June 27, 2016 as the bar date for filing proofs of claim by governmental units (together, the “Bar Date”). The Bar Date is the date by which non-government claims against the Company relating to the period prior to the commencement of the Company's Chapter 11 case were required to be filed if such claims were not listed in liquidated, non-contingent and undisputed amounts in the Schedules, or if the claimant disagrees with the amount, characterization or classification of its claim as reflected in the Schedules. Claims that are subject to the Bar Date and that were not filed on or prior to the Bar Date are barred from participating in any distribution that may be made under the Plan.
As of the Effective Date, approximately 195 proofs of claim were outstanding (including claims that were previously identified on the Schedules) totaling approximately $32 million. Prior to the Bar Date, certain investors filed a class action claim in the amount of $20 million in connection with events surrounding the Company’s former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. On June 15, 2016, a settlement stipulation related to the class action suit was approved under order of the Bankruptcy Court. The settlement stipulation required the Company to issue 300,000 shares of common stock and submit a payment of $250,000 to the claimants. During the year ended December 31, 2016, the 300,000 shares were issued and the $250,000 payment was made. See Note 11 for additional information on this matter and settlement.
Separately, a claim was filed by certain investors in the Company’s 2015 private financing transaction totaling approximately $6.9 million. On May 9, 2016, a settlement stipulation related to this suit was approved under order of the Bankruptcy Court. The settlement stipulation required the Company to issue 327,608 shares of common stock and submit a payment of $250,000 to an escrow account on behalf of the claimants. During the year ended December 31, 2016, the 327,608 shares were issued and the $250,000 payment was made. See Note 11 for additional information on this matter and settlement.
As of December 31, 2015, the Company recorded an obligation in Additional paid-in capital to issue the related shares totaling approximately $2.8 million and recorded the cash liability of $500,000 in Liabilities subject to compromise. Excluding these stipulated claims, all other proofs of claim amount to approximately $5.1 million. As of December 31, 2015, the Company recorded a liability of approximately $4.5 million, which represents its estimate of the amount expected to be allowed by the Bankruptcy Court, in Liabilities subject to compromise. In addition, the Company also had liabilities related to accrued compensation and deferred rent, totaling approximately $0.4 million, included in Liabilities subject to compromise as of December 31, 2015.
As of June 30, 2016, the Company emerged from bankruptcy. The Company expects the amounts remaining in Liabilities subject to compromise as of the Effective Date to be paid in accordance with the Plan. Accordingly, as of March 31, 2017, Liabilities subject to compromise have been reduced to zero and reclassified according to their payment terms.
In March 2016, the Company entered into a termination agreement (the “Lease Termination Agreement”) related to the lease of its prior facility in South San Francisco, California. The Lease Termination Agreement, approved by order of the Bankruptcy Court issued March 15, 2016, waived all damages related to early termination of the lease, relieved the Company of March rental expenses and set an effective termination date of March 31, 2016. In accordance with the termination of the lease, the Company wrote off remaining deferred rent liabilities of approximately $312,000 and disposed of certain leasehold improvements and furniture and fixtures with a net book value of approximately $85,000. The resulting gain of $227,000 is included in Reorganization items, net, in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March 31, 2016. Concurrent with the termination of its prior lease, the Company entered into a lease agreement for a new office facility in Brisbane, California. The new lease commenced in April 2016 and was to expire in March 2017. On February 16, 2017, the Company amended the lease to extend the term of the lease for an additional period of eighteen months such that the lease will expire on September 30, 2018.
The reconciliation of certain proofs of claim filed against the Company in the Bankruptcy Case, including certain General Unsecured Claims, Convenience Class Claims and Other Subordinated Claims, is ongoing. As a result of its examination of the claims, the Company may ask the Bankruptcy Court to disallow, reduce, reclassify or otherwise adjudicate certain claims the Company believes are subject to objection or otherwise improper. Under the terms of the Plan, the Company had until December 27, 2016 to file additional objections to disputed claims, subject to the Company’s right to seek an extension of this deadline from the Bankruptcy Court. By Order, dated February 6, 2017, the Bankruptcy Court extended the claims objection deadline to June 26, 2017. The Company may compromise certain claims with or without specific prior approval of the Bankruptcy Court as set forth in the Plan and may identify additional liabilities that will need to be recorded or reclassified to liabilities subject to compromise. The resolution of such claims could result in material adjustments to the Company’s financial statements.
As of March 31, 2017, approximately $837,000 in claims remain subject to review and reconciliation by the Company. The Company may file objections to these claims after it completes the reconciliation process. As of March 31, 2017, the Company has recorded $81,000 and $71,000 related to these claims in Accounts payable and Notes payable to vendors, respectively, which represents management’s best estimate of claims to be allowed by the Bankruptcy Court.
Although the Bankruptcy Case remains open, other than with respect to certain matters relating to the implementation of the Plan, the administration of certain claims, or over which the Bankruptcy Court may have otherwise retained jurisdiction, the Company is no longer operating under the direct supervision of the Bankruptcy Court. The Company anticipates that the Bankruptcy Case will be closed following the completion of the claims reconciliation process.
Bankruptcy Related Financing Arrangements
On April 1, 2016, the Company entered into the Credit Agreement with Black Horse Capital Master Fund Ltd., as administrative agent and lender (“BHCMF” or “Agent”), Black Horse Capital LP, as a lender (“BHC”), Cheval Holdings, Ltd., as a lender (“Cheval”) and Nomis Bay LTD, as a lender (“Nomis” and, together with BHCMF, BHC and Cheval, the “Lenders”). The Credit Agreement provided for a debtor-in-possession credit facility in the original principal amount of $3,000,000 (the “Term Loan”). The Credit Agreement provided that the Term Loan will be made by the Lenders at an original discount equal to $191,000 (the “Upfront Fee”) and required the payment by the Company to the Lenders of a commitment fee equal to $150,000 (the “Commitment Fee”). In accordance with the terms of the Credit Agreement, the Company used the proceeds of the Term Loan for working capital, bankruptcy-related costs, costs related to the Company’s plan of reorganization, the payment of certain fees and expenses owed to the Agent and the Lenders in connection with the Credit Agreement and other costs incurred in the ordinary course of business.
Pursuant to the terms of the Credit Agreement, the Term Loan bore interest at a rate per annum equal to 12.00%.
In accordance with the bidding procedures order entered by the Bankruptcy Court, the Term Loan and the SPA were together subject to competing, higher and better offers.
In connection with the Company’s obligations under the Credit Agreement, the Company executed in favor of the Agent an Intellectual Property Security Agreement, dated as of April 1, 2016 (the “IP Security Agreement”). Under the terms of the IP Security Agreement, the Company pledged all of its intellectual property to the Agent for the ratable benefit of the Lenders, as collateral for its obligations under the Credit Agreement.
The Credit Agreement provided that the outstanding principal balance of the Term Loan, plus accrued and unpaid interest, plus the Upfront Fee, plus the Commitment Fee and all other non-contingent obligations would mature on the earlier of an event of default under the Credit Agreement or the effective date of the Company’s plan of reorganization. The Maturity Date was deemed to occur simultaneously with the Effective Date and, accordingly, on June 30, 2016, 2,350,480 shares of common stock were issued to the Lenders in repayment of the Company’s debt obligations under the Credit Agreement, including 201,436 shares to BHC, 470,096 shares to BHCMF, 503,708 shares to Cheval, 940,192 shares to Nomis and 235,048 shares to Cortleigh Limited (“Cortleigh”). Pursuant to the terms of the Credit Agreement, the Company also paid $406,000 to BHC in payment of its fees and expenses and $285,000 to Nomis in payment of its fees and expenses.
The Company records discounts to convertible notes for the intrinsic value of conversion options embedded in debt instruments based upon the fair value of the underlying common stock at the commitment date of the note transaction exceeding the effective conversion price embedded in the note. The Company evaluated the Credit Agreement for beneficial conversion features and calculated a value of approximately $484,000, all of which was expensed as of the Effective Date.
In conjunction with the Credit Agreement, during the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company incurred the following expenses which were charged to Reorganization items, net in 2016:
On April 1, 2016, the Company also entered into the SPA with the Lenders. The SPA provided for the sale to the Lenders on the closing date of an aggregate of 5,885,000 shares of common stock, subject to adjustment as provided in the SPA, in respect of exit financing in the amount of $11,000,000 (the “Exit Financing”) plus an exit financing commitment fee of $770,000 payable by the Company to the Lenders, plus payment to the Lenders of their fees and expenses incurred in connection with the Exit Financing and the SPA. Nomis subsequently assigned twenty percent (20%) of its interest in the shares of common stock to be purchased by Nomis under the SPA and the Credit Agreement to Cortleigh (collectively with the Lenders, the “Purchasers”).
The consummation of the transactions contemplated by the SPA were contingent on, among other things, the funding of the Term Loan, the approval of the Bankruptcy Court of the Company’s plan of reorganization, and the simultaneous closing of the Company’s transaction with Savant. In addition, the closing of the transactions under the SPA were contingent upon the board of directors of the Company, upon the effectiveness of the confirmed plan of reorganization, consisting of (i) one director to be designated by Nomis; (ii) one director to be jointly designated by BHC, BHCF, and Cheval; (iii) the Chief Executive Officer of the Company to be designated jointly and unanimously by the Lenders; and (iv) two independent directors to be designated jointly and unanimously by the Lenders.
The issuance of the shares contemplated by the SPA was consummated on the Effective Date, and the Company issued to the Purchasers an aggregate of 7,147,035 shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $11,000,000, including 612,501 shares to BHC, 1,429,407 shares to BHCMF, 1,531,610 shares to Cheval, 2,858,814 shares to Nomis and 714,703 shares to Cortleigh. Pursuant to the terms of the SPA, the Company paid $427,000 to BHC in payment of its fees and expenses and $304,000 to Nomis in payment of its fees and expenses.
Under the terms of the SPA, the Company was required to use commercially reasonable efforts to cause a registration statement registering the resale by the Purchasers of the shares issuable under the SPA to be declared effective by the SEC no later than December 27, 2016. The Company was obligated to keep the registration statement effective until all of the shares issued pursuant to the SPA are eligible for resale by the Purchasers without volume restrictions under an exemption from registration under the Securities Act. If the registration statement has not been declared effective by December 27, 2016 and any of the shares issued pursuant to the SPA are not eligible to be sold under Rule 144, then during each subsequent thirty day period (or portion thereof) until the registration statement is declared effective, the Company agrees to issue additional shares of common stock to the Purchasers in an amount equivalent to 10.0% of the shares originally purchased under the SPA that are then held by the Purchasers. On October 28, 2016, the SPA was amended to require the Company to file a registration statement by January 10, 2017 with effectiveness to be no later than March 31, 2017. On December 19, 2016, the SPA was amended again to require the Company to file a registration statement by March 17, 2017 with effectiveness to be no later than June 20, 2017.
The Company timely filed a registration statement on Form S-1 on March 17, 2017 and is using commercially reasonable efforts to obtain effectiveness within the required timeframe.
On the Effective Date, the Company and Martin Shkreli, the Company’s former Chief Executive Officer, former Chairman and former controlling stockholder, entered into a Corporate Governance Agreement (the “Governance Agreement”), which provides for certain terms and conditions regarding the acquisition, disposition, holding and voting of securities of the Company by Mr. Shkreli. The Governance Agreement applies to all common stock owned by Mr. Shkreli or affiliates he controls.
Under the terms of the Governance Agreement, for 180 days following the Effective Date, Mr. Shkreli could not sell his shares of common stock at a price per share that was less than the greater of (x) $2.50 and (y) a 10% discount to the prior two week volume-weighted average price (the “Market Discount Price”). In addition, for 180 days following the 61st day after the Effective Date, the Company had a right to purchase any or all of Mr. Shkreli’s shares at a purchase price per share equal to the Market Discount Price. For a limited time, the Company also had a right of first refusal to purchase shares that Mr. Shkreli proposed to sell. Mr. Shkreli was also prohibited from transferring any shares to his affiliates or associates unless such transferee agreed to be subject to the terms of the Governance Agreement. Transfers of shares by Mr. Shkreli not made in compliance with the Governance Agreement would be null and void.
Under the terms of the Governance Agreement, Mr. Shkreli will not have any right to nominate directors to the Board of Directors of the Company and agreed in connection with any stockholder vote to vote his shares in proportion to the votes of the Company’s public stockholders. The Governance Agreement also prohibits Mr. Shkreli or his affiliates for a period of 24 months after the date of the Governance Agreement, from, among other things:
In addition, any material transaction between Mr. Shkreli or his associates and the Company, or relating to the Governance Agreement, cannot be taken without the prior approval of the Company’s Board.
The Governance Agreement provides for a mutual release between the Company and Mr. Shkreli of all claims and liabilities existing as of the date of execution.
On August 25 and August 26, 2016, Mr. Shkreli sold all of his shares of the Company to third party investors in private transactions.
On the Effective Date, in accordance with the Plan, Cameron Durrant, current Chief Executive Officer of the Company, as joint designee of BHCMF, BHC and Cheval (collectively, the "Black Horse Entities") and Nomis, continued as a director, Ronald Barliant, current member of the Board, continued as a director as the designee of the Black Horse Entities, Dale Chappell became a director as a designee of Nomis, and Timothy Morris and Ezra Friedberg became directors as joint designees of the Black Horse Entities and Nomis.
Financial Reporting in Reorganization
The Company applied Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 852, Reorganizations, which is applicable to companies under bankruptcy protection, and requires amendments to the presentation of key financial statement line items. It requires that the financial statements for periods subsequent to the Chapter 11 filing distinguish transactions and events that are directly associated with the reorganization from the ongoing operations of the business. Revenues, expenses, realized gains and losses, and provisions for losses that can be directly associated with the reorganization and restructuring of the business must be reported separately as reorganization items in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. The balance sheet must distinguish pre-petition liabilities subject to compromise from both those pre-petition liabilities that are not subject to compromise and from post-petition liabilities. Liabilities that may be subject to a plan of reorganization must be reported at the amounts expected to be allowed in the Company’s Chapter 11 case, even if they may be settled for lesser amounts as a result of the plan of reorganization or negotiations with creditors.
As of December 31, 2015, the Company had approximately $5.4 million recorded as Liabilities subject to compromise. In conjunction with the Company’s exit from bankruptcy, the Company reclassified remaining Liabilities subject to compromise as of June 30, 2016 totaling approximately $2.8 million, $0.8 million and $1.2 million to Accounts payable, Accrued expenses and Notes payable to vendors, respectively. For the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company paid approximately $3.4 million related to Liabilities subject to compromise, issued $1.2 million in promissory notes to vendors and wrote off approximately $0.3 million in deferred rent liabilities related to its lease termination and reversed approximately $0.2 million in accrued expenses related to a claim that has been denied by the court, which as discussed above, were previously included in Liabilities subject to compromise. For the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company wrote off approximately $0.2 million in claims that had been reduced or for which a settlement had been reached at a lower amount than what had been previously accrued. As of March 31, 2017, approximately $0.2 million and $1.2 million remain in Accounts payable and Notes payable to vendors, respectively. Remaining amounts will be paid based on terms of the Plan.
For the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, Reorganization items, net consisted of the following charges:
Cash payments for reorganization items totaled $354,000 and $56,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
The entire disclosure for the description and amounts of reorganization under Chapter 11 of the US Bankruptcy Code.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef